Gingivitis (gum inflammation) is usually associated with periodontitis (gum disease). In saying that, it is important to understand that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis if taken care of. In the early stage of gingivitis, bacteria in plaque build up, causing the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing or eating certain foods that rub the gums, such as crispy apples.
The danger is when the part of the gum that seals to the tooth, is weakened and spaces form between the tooth and the gum. These spaces are called ‘periodontal pockets.’ Bacteria become trapped in these pockets causing further inflammation (redness and swelling).
Periodontal disease (gum disease or periodontitis) is the inflammation of tissues surrounding the tooth. It affects the gum, ligaments and bone, and is caused by bacterial infection. This inflammation can develop into ‘pockets’ or gaps between the tooth and its surrounding gum and the loss of ligaments and bone that support the tooth. In severe cases, there can be extensive loss of bone that supports the tooth, resulting in teeth that may become loose and even fall out.
Are your gums swollen or bleeding: Either a Dental Lounge Dentist or specialist Hygeniest will examine your gums, measuring the spaces between the tooth and gum to determine the health of your gums and supporting structures. If necessary, they will instruct you in tooth cleaning techniques or may clean your teeth professionally to remove any plaque and calculus (hardened plaque) as a treatment and prevention.
If you have swollen or bleeding gums or your teeth feel loose, please call our friendly teem and we will arrange an appointment with one of our leading Dentist or Hygienists.
(02) 9247 8989